When Chemical Weapons Were First Dropped From the Air, North Russia 1919

Grantham N Russia RE Lib

Lieutenant Donald R Grantham MC RE, holding M Generators adapted as aircraft bombs, Lake Onega seaplane base, 1919. (RE Museum)

The first time chemical weapons were used from aircraft was during British operations against Bolshevik forces around Archangel and Murmansk in 1919.  Below is my article on the episode which was published in the Imperial War Museum Review (No. 12, 1999). (Click each page to enlarge). Scroll to the bottom for more articles.





Understanding Chemical Warfare in the First World War




Ypres battlefield walking tour IWM Q 3014

Tour the Battlefields: Walking the Five Battles of Ypres

28 September-1 October 2018



German Yellow Cross mustard gas shell for 105mm howitzer.

Yellow Cross: The advent of Mustard Gas in 1917


Myths of Messines: the ‘Lost Mines’


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